Round churches on Bornholm
Round churches are a unique type of church building that is characteristic of Denmark and the other Scandinavian countries. They were primarily built in the Middle Ages and are still an important part of Danish cultural heritage and architecture.
Round churches were primarily built between the 11th and 13th centuries. They were used for both religious and military purposes. The round churches were often built as defensive structures with a ring wall around them and a raised platform from which the area around the church could be monitored. This made the round churches an important defense fortification in the Middle Ages.
Round churches are known for their unique architectural design. They are round in shape, which sets them apart from the more traditional churches with their rectangular shape. This may be because round churches were built as defense fortifications and therefore had to be able to withstand attacks from all directions.
Although round churches no longer have a military function, they are still an important part of Denmark’s cultural heritage and architecture. They are a symbol of Denmark’s rich history and culture and are an important tourist attraction. Round churches are also still used as churches and are an important part of religious life in Denmark.
Furthermore, round churches are an important source of inspiration for modern architects. Their unique design and form have inspired many modern buildings and works of art.
How many round churches are there on Bornholm?
There are four round churches on Bornholm:
- Østerlars Church: located in the town of Østerlars in northeastern Bornholm. It was built in the 1160s and is the largest of the four round churches.
- Ols Church: located in the town of Olsker in northeastern Bornholm. It was built in the mid-12th century and is the smallest of the four round churches.
- Nylars Church: located in the town of Nylars in central Bornholm. It was built in the late 12th century and is known for its beautiful frescoes.
- Nyker Church: located in the town of Nyker in southern Bornholm. It was built in the late 12th century and is known for its rich decorations and exquisite frescoes.
All four round churches are well-preserved examples of Bornholm’s medieval architecture and are open to visitors. It is worth noting that the round churches are active churches, so it is important to respect that they are still used for worship and other church activities.